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Conquering Incontinence: Understanding Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Treatment Options

TheraTouch Physiotherapy Incontinence

Incontinence refers to the involuntary loss of urine or feces, leading to difficulties in controlling bladder or bowel movements. Here’s some information on the causes, symptoms, and treatments of incontinence:

Causes of Incontinence:

  1. Weak pelvic floor muscles: Weakened muscles that support the bladder and rectum can contribute to urinary or fecal incontinence.
  2. Urinary tract infections: Infections in the urinary tract can cause temporary incontinence.
  3. Nerve damage: Conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or spinal cord injuries can disrupt nerve signals involved in bladder and bowel control.
  4. Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels, such as during pregnancy or menopause, can affect bladder and bowel function.
  5. Prostate problems: In men, an enlarged prostate or prostate surgery can result in urinary incontinence.
  6. Medications: Certain medications, such as diuretics, sedatives, or muscle relaxants, may contribute to incontinence.
  7. Other factors: Chronic coughing, obesity, constipation, and certain lifestyle habits (e.g., excessive caffeine or alcohol intake) can also play a role in incontinence.

Symptoms of Incontinence:

  1. Urinary incontinence:
    1. Stress incontinence: Leakage of urine during activities that increase abdominal pressure, such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising.
    2. Urge incontinence refers to a sudden and strong urge to urinate, often followed by an involuntary release of urine.
    3. Overflow incontinence, on the other hand, involves the continuous or frequent dribbling of urine caused by an overfilled bladder that cannot fully empty.                                                            
  2. Fecal incontinence: 

    1. Involuntary passage of stool or inability to control bowel movements.
    2. Difficulty sensing the need to defecate or lack of awareness of bowel movements.
    3. Leaking of small amounts of stool or complete loss of bowel control.

Treatments for Incontinence:

  1. Lifestyle modifications:
    1. Pelvic floor Physiotherapy: Pelvic Floor exercises strengthening the pelvic floor muscles through exercises like Kegels to improve bladder and bowel control                 
    2. Fluid and diet management: Adjusting fluid intake and dietary habits to avoid bladder irritants and regulate bowel movements.
    3. Weight management: Maintaining a healthy weight to reduce pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles.
  2. Bladder training: Techniques to gradually increase the time between urination and improve bladder control.
  3. Medications:
    1. Anticholinergics: Medications that relax the bladder muscle and reduce urinary urgency and frequency.
    2. Topical creams: Creams or ointments that can help treat skin irritation caused by incontinence.
  4. Medical devices:
    1. Pessary: A small device inserted into the vagina to support the bladder or rectum.
    2. Catheters: Thin tubes used to drain urine from the bladder.
  5. Nerve stimulation: Electrical stimulation of the nerves involved in bladder and bowel control to improve function and reduce incontinence.
  6. Surgery: In certain cases, surgical interventions may be recommended to treat underlying anatomical or functional issues causing incontinence.

    Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy is an effective solution for alleviating incontinence symptoms, addressing persistent conditions, and expediting the healing process. Licensed Pelvic Floor Physiotherapists evaluate your specific condition and provide personalized recommendations or therapies to help you manage your  incontinence symptom effectively

How Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Supports Pregnancy and Postpartum Health 

Pregnancy and Postpartum pelvic physiotherapy

Pregnancy and the postpartum period are transformative experiences that bring joy and challenges to women’s lives. During this time, the pelvic floor muscles undergo significant changes and may require special attention and care. Pelvic floor physiotherapy offers invaluable support to empower women throughout their pregnancy and postpartum journey. In this blog post, we will explore how pelvic floor physiotherapy can help you feel empowered, confident, and in control during this transformative phase of your life. 

  1. Preparing for Pregnancy: Pelvic floor physiotherapy can be beneficial even before conception. By addressing any existing pelvic floor issues or imbalances, such as weak muscles or pelvic pain, you can start your pregnancy journey on a healthier foundation. A pelvic floor assessment and targeted exercises can help strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, optimize their function, and promote better bladder control. 
  2. Supporting Pregnancy: During pregnancy, the pelvic floor experiences increased strain due to the growing baby, hormonal changes, and the weight of the uterus. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can help manage common pregnancy-related issues such as back pain, pelvic girdle pain, and incontinence. A physiotherapist can provide exercises and techniques to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, promote better posture, and enhance overall pelvic stability, empowering you to navigate the physical demands of pregnancy with greater comfort and confidence. 
  3. Preparing for Labor and Delivery: Pelvic floor physiotherapy plays a vital role in preparing for labor and delivery. Through specialized exercises and techniques, you can learn to relax and control your pelvic floor muscles, facilitating the birthing process. A physiotherapist can guide you in practicing perineal massage and breathing techniques to reduce the risk of perineal tears and promote more efficient labor. 
  4. Postpartum Recovery: After giving birth, your body undergoes a period of healing and adjustment. Pelvic floor physiotherapy is instrumental in supporting your postpartum recovery. A thorough assessment can identify any pelvic floor dysfunctions, such as weakened muscles or pelvic organ prolapse. With personalized exercises and techniques, you can regain strength, restore pelvic floor function, and address any issues like urinary incontinence, back pain or pain during intercourse. By nurturing your pelvic floor health, you can enhance your overall well-being and regain confidence in your body. 
  5. Addressing Mental and Emotional Well-being: Pelvic floor physiotherapy also acknowledges the emotional and psychological aspects of pregnancy and postpartum. Your physiotherapist can provide guidance and support, addressing any concerns or anxieties you may have regarding your pelvic floor health. By fostering an open and supportive environment, pelvic floor physiotherapy empowers you to take an active role in your well-being and encourages a positive mindset throughout your journey. 

In conclusion, Pelvic floor physiotherapy is an invaluable resource for women during pregnancy and postpartum. Promoting physical strength, providing valuable support, and addressing emotional well-being, empowers you to embrace this transformative phase of life with confidence and resilience. If you are pregnant or have recently given birth, consider seeking the guidance of a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist who can tailor a program to meet your unique needs. Embrace the power of pelvic floor physiotherapy and unlock your potential to thrive during this remarkable time. 

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Preparing for Pregnancy
  3. Supporting Pregnancy
  4. Preparing for Labor and Delivery
  5. Postpartum Recovery
  6. Addressing Mental and Emotional Well-being
  7. Conclusion
  8. Introduction

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy: An Effective Solution for Incontinence

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction and incontinence


Before delving into the details of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy, let’s first understand what incontinence is and why it is important to address this condition. Incontinence refers to the inability to control the bladder or bowel, resulting in the unintentional leakage of urine or feces. It can occur in various forms, including stress incontinence (leakage during physical activities such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising), urge incontinence (sudden and intense urge to urinate followed by leakage), overflow incontinence (inability to empty the bladder fully, causing frequent dribbling), and mixed incontinence (a combination of different types).

Understanding Incontinence
Incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors, including weakened pelvic floor muscles, hormonal changes, pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, certain medications, and underlying medical conditions. Regardless of the cause, the impact of incontinence on daily life can be significant. Many individuals find themselves constantly worried about leakage, limiting their activities and social interactions. This can lead to feelings of embarrassment, shame, and a diminished sense of self-worth.

What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?
Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy is a unique and specialized branch of physical therapy that places its primary focus on the enhancement and rehabilitation of the pelvic floor muscles. These muscles, located in the lower part of the pelvis, play a crucial role in supporting the bladder, uterus, and rectum, as well as controlling urination and bowel movements. Pelvic floor physiotherapy aims to address the underlying causes of incontinence by improving the strength, coordination, and flexibility of these muscles.

Engaging in Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy offers numerous benefits for individuals struggling with incontinence. By working with a trained physiotherapist, patients can gain a deeper understanding of their pelvic floor muscles and learn techniques to strengthen and relax them effectively. This therapeutic approach is non-invasive, drug-free, and empowers individuals to take an active role in their own recovery.

The Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Process

The journey towards regaining control over incontinence begins with an initial assessment and evaluation by a pelvic floor physiotherapist. During this assessment, the physiotherapist will gather relevant medical history, perform physical examinations, and assess the strength and coordination of the pelvic floor muscles. This comprehensive evaluation helps to identify the specific issues contributing to incontinence and allows for the development of a personalized treatment plan.

Based on the assessment findings, the pelvic floor physiotherapist will create a customized treatment plan tailored to the individual’s needs. This plan may include a combination of exercises, manual techniques, biofeedback training, and lifestyle modifications. The physiotherapist will guide the patient through each step of the process, providing education, support, and regular progress evaluations.

Results and Effectiveness

The effectiveness of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy in treating incontinence has been well-documented. Countless individuals have experienced significant improvements in their symptoms, allowing them to regain control over their bladder and bowel. Success stories from patients who have undergone pelvic floor physiotherapy are abundant, highlighting the positive impact it can have on one’s quality of life.

In addition to anecdotal evidence, scientific studies have also shown the efficacy of pelvic floor physiotherapy. Research has demonstrated that this form of treatment can lead to a reduction in incontinence episodes, improved muscle strength and coordination, and increased confidence and self-esteem. These findings further support the notion that pelvic floor physiotherapy is a valuable and effective solution for those struggling with incontinence.

Tips for Choosing a Pelvic Floor Physiotherapist

When seeking pelvic floor physiotherapy, it is essential to choose a qualified and experienced professional. Look for physiotherapists who specialize in pelvic floor health and have received appropriate training and certifications in this area. A trusted and knowledgeable physiotherapist will ensure that you receive the best care and guidance throughout your treatment journey.

Lifestyle Changes to Support Pelvic Floor Health

In addition to Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy, certain lifestyle changes can help support pelvic floor health and reduce the symptoms of incontinence. A well-balanced diet rich in fiber and hydration promotes regular bowel movements and reduces the risk of constipation. Regular exercise, particularly activities that strengthen the core and pelvic floor muscles, can enhance muscle tone and improve bladder control. Additionally, stress management techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga can contribute to overall pelvic floor well-being.

Overcoming the Stigma Surrounding Incontinence

Incontinence is often accompanied by a stigma that can prevent individuals from seeking help and support. However, it is essential to address and challenge these societal taboos to create a more open and understanding environment. By promoting education, awareness, and open discussions, we can break down the barriers surrounding incontinence and encourage individuals to seek the help they deserve.


Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy offers a highly effective and non-invasive solution for individuals struggling with incontinence. Through personalized treatment plans, education, and support, this specialized form of physical therapy empowers individuals to regain control over their bladder and bowel. By taking action and seeking the assistance of a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist, individuals can improve their quality of life, regain confidence, and embrace a future free from the limitations of incontinence.


  1. Is pelvic floor physiotherapy suitable for both men and women? Yes, pelvic floor physiotherapy is beneficial for both men and women. While incontinence is more commonly associated with women, men can also experience bladder and bowel control issues due to various factors such as prostate problems or pelvic surgery
  2. Is pelvic floor physiotherapy suitable for everyone with incontinence? Pelvic floor physiotherapy can benefit many individuals with different types of incontinence. However, it is best to consult with a qualified physiotherapist to determine if it is the right approach for your specific condition. The physiotherapist will assess your symptoms and develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your needs.
  3. Can pelvic floor physiotherapy help with other pelvic floor issues apart from incontinence? Absolutely! Pelvic floor physiotherapy is effective in addressing various pelvic floor issues, including pelvic pain, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction. The techniques used in pelvic floor physiotherapy can help improve muscle strength, flexibility, and coordination, leading to overall pelvic floor health
  4. Are pelvic floor exercises the only treatment offered in pelvic floor physiotherapy? No, pelvic floor exercises are just one component of pelvic floor physiotherapy. Depending on the individual’s condition and needs, the treatment may also include manual therapy, biofeedback, lifestyle modifications, and education on proper bladder and bowel habits. The treatment plan is tailored to address the specific concerns and goals of each individual
  5. How long does it take to see results with pelvic floor physiotherapy? The timeline for seeing results can vary depending on the severity of the condition and individual factors. Some individuals may start noticing improvements within a few weeks, while others may require a more extended treatment period. Consistency, adherence to the treatment plan, and regular communication with the physiotherapist are key factors in achieving positive outcomes.
  6. Are there any side effects associated with pelvic floor physiotherapy? Pelvic floor physiotherapy is a safe and non-invasive treatment option. When performed by a qualified professional, the risk of side effects is minimal. However, some individuals may experience mild muscle soreness or discomfort initially as they engage in new exercises and techniques. These sensations should subside as the muscles strengthen and adapt.
  7. Can pelvic floor physiotherapy prevent incontinence during pregnancy? Pelvic floor physiotherapy can play a crucial role in preventing or reducing the severity of incontinence during and after pregnancy. By strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and providing valuable education, physiotherapy can help expectant mothers maintain better bladder control and support their overall pelvic floor health.
  8. How can I find a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist in my area? To find a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist near you, consider requesting referrals from your primary care physician, gynecologist, or urologist. You can also search online directories or contact local physical therapy clinics specializing in pelvic floor health.


I. Introduction

  • Definition of pelvic floor physiotherapy
  • Brief overview of incontinence
  • Importance of addressing incontinence

II. Understanding Incontinence

  • Types of incontinence (stress, urge, overflow, mixed)
  • Causes of incontinence
  • Impact of incontinence on daily life

III. What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?

  • Explanation of pelvic floor muscles
  • Role of pelvic floor physiotherapy in treating incontinence
  • Benefits of pelvic floor physiotherapy

IV. The Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Process

  • Initial assessment and evaluation
  • Customized treatment plans
  • Techniques and exercises used in pelvic floor physiotherapy

V. Results and Effectiveness

  • Success stories and testimonials from patients
  • Research studies supporting the effectiveness of pelvic floor physiotherapy

VI. Tips for Choosing a Pelvic Floor Physiotherapist

  • Qualifications and certifications to look for
  • Importance of finding a trusted and experienced professional

VII. Lifestyle Changes to Support Pelvic Floor Health

  • Diet and nutrition tips
  • Importance of regular exercise
  • Stress management and relaxation techniques

VIII. Overcoming the Stigma Surrounding Incontinence

  • Addressing the societal taboos associated with incontinence
  • Encouraging open discussions and seeking help

IX. Conclusion

  • Recap of the benefits of pelvic floor physiotherapy
  • Encouragement to take action and seek help
  • Final thoughts on regaining control and improving quality of life